Aromatic Plants

Aromatic Plants-pepperThe aromatic plants are characterized by their strong smell and often pleasant to humans. The perception of these aromas is due to the presence of substances called “essential oils” which have emissions controlled functions in nature (attraction, insect repellent, etc.).

Some plants have a uniform distribution of “essential oils (eg rosemary), others concentrate their presence in some parts of the plant such as leaves, seeds, bulbs, or petals. Depending on the type of plant it will then use the different parts of the same to get the desired effect.

Many herbs also have “medicinal or therapeutic properties.”

The most important types of herbs used are:

– In the cuisines of different countries to taste the traditional dishes or prepare liquor alcoholic beverages.

– In the cosmetics industry and “craft” for the preparation of creams or perfumes.

– In herbal infusions.

– In the balcony or in the flower beds and decorative features to keep out insects.

Pepper

General: perennial, evergreen climber. The woody stem is covered with heart-shaped leaves, dark green. Flowering occurs in summer, the flowers are small, white, and gathered into sections with an elongated shape. The fruits are round.

The pepper is native to India and can reach 4 meters in height.

Display: pepper prefers sunny positions only partially, and a mild climate: the temperature should not fall below 16 ° C.

Land: be fertile, well drained and composed of a large part composed of clay.

Propagating from seed can take place at a temperature below 15 ° C, or by cuttings. In the latter case must be made in the summer, taking semi-woody cuttings.

Cultural practices: Watering should be moderate, especially during the winter season. During the growing season is good to fertilize monthly with the pepper plant.

Collection: green fruits become mature when its color turns dark red, and only then it is appropriate to proceed with the collection of the same.

Mint

General: This is a genus of about 25 species of perennial, from rustic to semirustico, which grow in a highly robust in Europe, Asia and Africa. The plant height varies depending on the variety, in general, however, it can reach 1.2 meters, the growth in width but is not definable. The blooms from summer until early autumn, the flowers are tubular, bell-shaped, however bilabial and collected on a spiral-shaped ears. The leaves are usually lance-shaped, provided with a light down and can be bright green, dark green and variegated (yellow-green and white).

Climate: generally positions the plant prefers full sun or partial shade. Like all plants hardy and can resist temperatures semirustico quite rigid.

Land: must be fresh and fertile, moist but well drained soil.

Multiplication: the spread of the plant is by division in spring or autumn, or with the removal of apical cuttings in spring or summer. Be stressed, moreover, the fact that rhizomes of entrenched almost always easily during the growing season of the plant.

Cultural techniques: given the ease and speed with which the plant is able to expand, so much so that it can become even weed, you should take under control the development, limiting their growth with special borders or containers located deep in the ground .

Always been the mint is used in culinary field, note the high power antiseptic and decongestant menthol, one of the most important essential oils of the plant is particularly rich.

Collection: The collection is usually done at the end of the growing season, when the leaves are picked and dried.

Pests and diseases: the mind is sometimes attacked by aphids , which are undermining the possibility of use in the kitchen, because they are difficult to remove from the leaves, causing the presence of sooty mold. In addition, snails are delicious mint leaves, as well as some types of larvae.
Variety: the most important varieties include the mint Mentha Piperita, particularly suitable for infusions and as an additional seasoning and flavor to salads. The plant essential oils are used in pastries and sweets as well as in hygiene products.

Salvia officinalis, Labiatae

General: comes from the Mediterranean coast.

Aromatic plant with very fragrant leaves, much used in cooking. It is a shrub in the wild can reach 60 centimeters. Blue-purple flowers bloom in summer.

Cultivation techniques

Minimum temperature: rustic plant, which is adapted to areas with winter climates.

Land: does not require particularly rich soil, growing well in poor soils and limestone.

Transplantation: will be planted in October and March.

Propagating by seed or cuttings.

Note: should trim the young plants to encourage branching of the plant.

Rosemary (Labiatae)

General: comes from the areas of Mediterranean.

It ‘s a aromatic plant with very fragrant leaves, much used in cooking. The leaves are persistent. It is a shrub that naturally can reach 3 meters in height. Mauve-blue flowers that bloom from spring.

Cultivation techniques

Minimum temperature: These plants semirustico, is suitable for areas with mild climate.

Display: sun or partial shade.

Land: does not require particularly rich soil, growing well in poor soils and limestone.

Dwelling starts in March April.

Multiplication: both by seed or cuttings.

Collection: the collection of branches of rosemary can be made throughout the year.

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