Cramps in pregnancy: Causes and Prevention

Cramps in pregnancy are quite common, especially during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, especially at night or when sleeping. Also tend to increase in the last weeks of pregnancy.
Cramps in pregnancy Causes and Prevention
The causes of Cramps in pregnancy are varied generally, the muscles tend to tense for several reasons, namely:

  • Injuries
  • Lack of fluids
  • Sprains
  • By staying in the same position for long
  • Circulation problems
  • Pressure on the spinal nerves

But during pregnancy causes the cramps that increase are not known for sure, experts believe that can happen by:

  • Changes in blood circulation
  • For the most pressure on leg muscles
  • The pressure of the baby on nerves and vessels of the column and hence the result discomfort in the legs


Read also: Tips about c section or cesarean section scar

What do to prevent or relieve cramps:

  • Stretch your legs, especially calves before bedtime
  • When you feel the stretch cramp leg with the heel well extended and moving toes
  • Avoid staying on their toes when stretching or exercising
  • Do not sit too long in one position
  • No sitting or standing for long
  • Do not sit in a position that obstructs the flow of blood, as with legs crossed
  • Moderate exercise regularly (walking, swimming, bike)
  • Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
  • When you feel a cramp massaging your legs and apply heat, always relaxed muscle
  • Before sleeping warm a bath helps relax muscles can prevent cramps

While pregnancy cramps are common, you should speak with the doctor when they are too frequent or painful redness, swelling, discomfort and warmth in the leg.

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