Herpes Simplex: transmission routes, symptoms and treatment
The herpes simplex is an infectious inflammatory disease characterized by skin lesions consisting of small vesicles grouped in clusters and surrounded by a red halo.
It is caused by the virus herpes simplex, or herpes simplex virus, which affects the face, lips, mouth and upper body, and type II ( HSV-II ) that occurs most often on the genitals and lower body.
Some causes of outbreaks of herpes, physical stress or emotional stress, fever, surgery, such immune problems, menstruation, trauma, sex, hormonal changes, and so on. To prevent these outbreaks is recommended to eat healthily, get enough rest, do exercise and avoid stress.
Mode of Infection
The herpes simplex virus can be found in the sores and released by them, but between outbreaks the virus can also be released by the skin does not seem concerned or have a sore. The initial infection of oral herpes usually occurs in childhood and is not classified as a disease of sexual transmission . 80% of the adult population is a candidate to carry the HSV-1 and may have acquired in a non-sexual.
Usually, a person can become infected with HSV-II during sex with someone who has the infection genital HSV-II. Transmission can occur from an infected partner who does not have a visible sore and may not know they are infected.
Type I is only responsible for approximately 5 to 10% of genital herpes, although both viruses can be transmitted by sexual contact . It is normal for a cross-infections occur in type 1 and 2 during oral-genital sexual contact.
- Blisters or ulcers, most often in the mouth, lips, gums or genitals
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck or groin (usually only at the time of initial infection)
- Fever, especially during the first episode
- Genital lesions may first be a sensation of burning or tingling
There is really no treatment that completely removed the body infection, and that once the virus enters a body, it will always remain in an inactive form with repeated recurrences occasionally. There are medications that can reduce the frequency of herpes episodes appear, the duration of these and the damage they cause.
Treatment is important prophylactic against the emergence of outbreaks, contributing to the recovery is fast and not infect others:
- Keep the infected area clean .
- Do not touch, or touch the least possible injury.
- Wash well hands before and after contact with the lesions.
- In case of genital herpes, avoid sexual contact since the first symptoms appear until the rash has healed completely.
- In case of cold sores, avoid kissing other people since the first symptoms appear until the rash has healed completely.