The houseplants add color, beauty and fresh air into a home, as long as they provide adequate care. The fact that they can adapt to closed environments does not mean that fundamental factors for their existence and growth, such as light, water and fertilization can be dispensed with.
Sunlight plays a very important role in the growth and development of plants, and several of their activities are determined by the time in which they are exposed to that form of energy. The case of plants grown in the interior is no exception; for example, most species with flowers need to be within 90 centimeters of a sunny window for better production.
Also, it should be noted that, generally, plants may require 12 to 16 hours of exposure to light per day.
Water is another factor to consider when growing indoor plants , as excess watering is a major cause of disease and death of these specimens.
It is important to water with room temperature water. A few drops of ammonia can be added to a liter of water that will be used in indoor plants to help improve leaf color and stimulate overall growth.
In late autumn, most indoor plants require moderate watering until the duration and intensity of light begin to increase with the arrival of spring.
Occasionally, the leaves of an indoor plant may show the formation of small drops in the leaf epidermis, as if it transpired, even when it has not been watered. This phenomenon, known as gutting, is an attempt by the plant to get rid of excess water. This may make it vulnerable to disease-causing bacteria, so reduce the amount of water being given to the plant, especially in the winter months.
As for ambient humidity, most of these plants grow best when relative levels exceed 50 percent.
Indoor Plant Care: Frequent Fertilization and Air Renewal
Periodic fertilization is another task required if indoor plants are to grow more vigorous and healthy, so it is advisable to feed them frequently during most of the year, except in winter, since the species grown inside a house are usually sensitive to excess fertilizer during that season. It should be remembered that during the winter season the plants enter a state of rest.
Finally it is convenient to open the doors and windows when the temperatures allow to give the house a change of air, something that will benefit both people and plants. Also, to reinvigorate the latter, you can remove about 6 millimeters from the top of the floor and replace with fresh potting soil.