Integral health: what is the Pap test
Many women, especially in the more young people, to listen to the review of the PAP, are scared, not knowing of it. But there is nothing to fear, to the contrast, the annual gynecological exam and Pap test can save their lives many women for cervical and breast cancer.
At the time these tests routinely, your doctor can detect problems and treat them before they get worse. Here is what you want to know about this test:
How is a Pap smear?
To perform this test, your doctor or nurse gently inserted a lubricated vaginal Speculum (is a tool that keeps open the vagina). Your doctor will examine the walls of the vagina to see if there is inflammation, injury, or infection. It will take a sample of your cervix using a small brush or cotton swab. Finally, will indicate you when you can collect the results of this study. 10 minutes, nothing to fear.
What so often should be examination of Pap smear?
Women should talk with your doctor about when and how often the Pap smear should be made. According to the current guidelines, women must undergo a Pap smear at least every 3 years. The first should be to the all around for 3 years after having begun to have sexual relations, but before reaching 21 years of age. There is no danger if you wait 3 years since that cervical cancer usually develops slowly. This type of cancer is rare in the extreme among women under 25 years of age.
Women between 65 and 70 years have normal results in at least three Pap tests and have not received abnormal results in the last 10 years may choose to suspend tests of Pap smear after consulting with your doctor. Women who have had a hysterectomy (surgery to remove the uterus and the cervix) do not need to make Pap smear, unless the surgery was carried out to treat a pre cancerous or malignant condition.
What is the Pap smear?
The Pap smear is a way to examine cells collected from the cervix (the lower, narrow uterus end). The main purpose of the Pap smear is to detect cancer or abnormal changes of cells that can develop into cancer. Non-cancerous states, such as infection and inflammation can also be found.
What happens if the results of the Pap test are abnormal?
If the Pap smear shows an ambiguous anomaly or less, the doctor may repeat the test to determine whether a follow-up is necessary. Many times, the cell changes in the cervix disappear without treatment. In some cases, doctors prescribe a cream with estrogen for women who are ASC-US and are close to menopause or have already gone through it. Given that these cell changes are often caused by low concentrations of hormones, the application of a cream with estrogen in the cervix for several weeks generally helps to clarify the cause of cell change.