Macular degeneration: symptoms and treatment

Age-related macular degeneration is the fastest growing form of disease, which offend the eye.

Macular degeneration is a progressive eye disease. The disease attacks the macula of the eye, where we see most clearly. Although it rarely results in a complete loss of sight of the person, it robs the individual the ultimate peripheral vision, so that only arise dim images or black holes in the center of the eye.

There are different types of illness, but the fastest growing form is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness. The effects of AMD can be devastating for those who have prior to the start of this cruel disease lived independent and active lives. Their visual world they take was blurry, so that the normal daily activities constitute a major challenge

There are different types of illness, but the fastest growing form is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness. The effects of AMD can be devastating for those who have prior to the start of this cruel disease lived independent and active lives. Their visual world they take was blurry, so that the normal daily activities constitute a major challenge.

There are two types of age-related macular degeneration. One form is known as “wet” and the other known as “dry”. It is possible to suffer the same on both forms, and indeed in the one and the other eye. The onset and progression of the two species do not follow a specific pattern. Sometimes it progresses so slow that people are not even seeing a change in their notice. It can take years before they see an eye doctor. In some cases, visual blurring happen very quickly and overnight.

The symptoms

Most patients report that have carried out its first signs of AMD by a distorted view. Straight lines such as telephone lines and door frame to start in waves. So if you notice any distorted or missing areas in the eyes property, immediately consult with your ophthalmologist.

Although it rarely leads to total blindness, age-related macular degeneration robs those affected and their sharp central vision and reduces the contrast sensitivity and color perception. It destroys the clear, “straight ahead” central vision, which is the utmost importance for reading, driving, and the identification of faces. The peripheral vision is not affected and it is possible from the corner of the eye to behold.

Therapy

There is no proven medical therapy for dry macular degeneration. In some cases of wet macular degeneration, laser coagulation for sealing leaking or bleeding vessels is possible. Unfortunately, a laser photocoagulation usually does not seen restored the lost, but it may prevent further deterioration. More recently, photodynamic therapy has proven very effective in the prevention of abnormal growth of blood vessels in some patients with wet AMD. This new type of laser treatment is far less damaging than laser photocoagulation and in most cases, this therapy is also used.

Early diagnosis is critical for successful treatment of wet macular degeneration.