Potager: start with a square

Some tips for starting a vegetable garden: do not see too much, prefer young plants for planting, make the right associations.  All these tips to make your little piece of land a real garden!

Choose a square garden

The garden on the balcony, the square garden technique can be grown in limiting the maintenance and watering. When we scored his first square of 1, 50 m side, you can start making 2 or 3 more square.

In a square of 90 cm to 1.50 m side, dividing the area into 4 or 9 equal parts so as to have small plots, each devoted to one or more different vegetables that have enough room to grow without interfering their neighbors.

Some tips for starting a vegetable garden

Instead of sowing, you buy seedlings that are transplanted directly to the right place at the right time. It is more practical when you start shivering and some vegetables like zucchini, peppers and tomatoes prefer to be planted after the last frost.

The multiplicity of species promotes biodiversity, attracting insect pollinators and auxiliaries, while avoiding the invading parasites. We would also like to mix companion plants that push back even more noise.

It can also sow or plant online in the squares, such as vegetables do not take much space like carrots, radishes and spinach, observing 15 to 20 cm between each row. Bands seedlings are ready in this case the best solution to not plant too close and then pulling spared seedling redundant.

The square must be accessible from all sides to plant and harvest, holding just his arm. But on balconies, small square 90 cm square can be safely supported on the rail or panel.

From one year to another, do not replant the same species in one place. Make them rotate within the same square or in different squares. In this way, the land runs out less (especially the garden) and avoids the appearance of recurrent disease and parasites. This is the principle of crop rotation. In squares of balcony and terrace gardens and in pots and planters, we must also renew the growing mix every year or every two years.

Good plant associations

Some plants serve as a repellent against parasites of other species. Their properties have been known for very long, so much use to manage your garden environmentally friendly way.

Garlic, onion, leek, spring onion and chives have virtues fungicides and insecticides. Plant them next to carrots, beets, lettuce, cucumbers and tomatoes.

The marigold has a repellent effect against nematodes, soil pests, it is especially useful at the foot of the tomatoes. Next to the beans and potatoes, it works against aphids and flea beetles.

Thyme and sage repel parasitic flies. They can be inserted between cabbage, broccoli and carrots.

To involve Vegetables

Some combinations of vegetables are also preferred for better health and a good garden plant growth:

  • Beans and cucumbers, zucchini, eggplant, spinach
  • Leeks and carrots
  • Peas and carrots, turnips, lettuce
  • Swiss chard and radish salad
  • Tomatoes and Basil
  • Cabbage, beans and peas with garlic, onions, leeks, strawberry
  • Potatoes with spinach, squash and pumpkins
  • Carrots with fennel or dill and mint

By cons, avoid planting absolutely side by side

  • Cabbage, beans and peas with garlic, onions, leeks, strawberry
  • Potatoes with spinach, squash and pumpkins
  • Carrots with fennel or dill and mint

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