Tendon Rupture: The Most Dangerous Parts and Treatment
With a large burden threatens the torn tendon – a good therapy is particularly important to restore all the major functions effectively.
Tendons are not a very common injury, because the tendons are actually built very stable, they protect and stabilize joints. By wear and tear or overuse it may happen that ruptured a tendon.
Tendons of the shoulder joint tear frequently, because the shoulder joint has often caused by heavy usage during exercise or competitive sports wear. The tendons of the rotator cuff (made from the tendons of the supraspinatus, the infraspinatus, teres minor and subscapularis) and the biceps tendon are often affected. The tendon of the gastrocnemius, attaches the Achilles tendon as the heel bone is often affected by a torn tendon. Patellar tendon and quadriceps tendon, which run on the anterior thigh or the knee cap, are vulnerable to rupture. Especially such breach occurs in sports.
The treatment of tendon rupture
A tendon rupture is often accompanied by an audible pop and an immediate loss of function of affected joints and extremities associated. For some tendons, muscle loses its actual form to recognize immediately that a rupture is present, especially in ruptures of the biceps tendon or Achillssehne. In addition to the complete rupture, a partial rupture may also show similar symptoms. A precise diagnosis is then performed using ultrasound or MRI. Possibly there may be a bony avulsion of the tendon. If the tendon is torn, surgery is required for complete restoration of function. Partial ruptures can also be a rich immobilization in a plaster cast, but this is always dependent on the severity of the injury. Operationally, the tendon is put together and either sewn or attached with wire. To prevent the affected joint from contract, usually a small movement is passively released; this is an extremely important physiotherapy treatment. Depending on the requirements of the surgeon the flexibility is increased gradually, strengthens the surrounding muscles and gradually built up the load. The scar is dealt with by the scar tissue to minimize elastic. The goal is a complete restoration of mobility and power, until then it’s a long way.