When the warm weather arrives the feet start to shine and all want to wear sandals with bare fingers. But if a fungus is installed on your nails – also called onychomycosis – then the aesthetic is really nasty.
At the same time, this condition produces other nuisances like odor, pain in the fingers and predisposes to foot infections, for all that is important to know what it is and how it heals.
Onychomycosis occurs because the nail is optimal zone for the development of different types of fungi. The moisture and providing shoes darkness, coupled to body heat, forming an optimum culture broth. When a toenail is traumatized by a blow or pressure – for example, a shoe that fits right there – then fungus is installed in it. The nail itself is a shield that makes the fungus difficult – if not impossible – to control.
At the same time, while growing the fungus feeds on keratin, the essential protein for the nail. Therefore, it becomes weak and begins to flake in many cases, even in some cases it destroyed, deforms and acquires a whitish, yellowish or brownish.
The fungal infection of the toenails is produced from a group of fungi called dermatophytes, which include Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton interdigitale. Less common causes are yeasts and molds. The odds of getting the disease increases with age, and upon reaching age 70, 48% of people have at least one affected nail.
Some risk factors for contracting nail fungus are too tight socks or shoes and too poor hygiene of the feet as well as permanently painted nails because the polish does not allow the nail to breathe. Since these fungi are spread by stepping into areas where once stood an infected person, these infections are more common among athletes, soldiers and others who share public showers, where it is always recommended to use sandals.
It is also more common for the infection to develop in immuno-compromised individuals: stress, HIV, and others. Poor circulation causes toenails improperly irrigated, and that adds another risk factor.
Toe nails and little finger are more likely to develop onychomycosis, because they are more exposed to friction from shoes.
The affected nail will thicken, seem divided into layers and acquires a yellow to brown color, are foul smelling waste accumulated on the sides and at the tip, and thickening produce intense pain on contact.
Treatments and drugs
Once displayed, these fungi rarely refer themselves, and usually stay for a while. The dermatologist will indicate a nail polish with active drug to attack the fungus, or other oral medication indicated cases. In any treatment of onychomycosis, the most important thing is consistency, as it can take many months to achieve rid of persistent fungal treatment.
We must also take care to sanitize feet well, dry them well and use good quality pédicos powders, followed change socks, shoes ventilate after use and disinfect pedicure items after use. Going to a professional pedicure is a great help to smooth the growth of the nail and help as they do not disturb much better, as sometimes the nail is affected even when it came to the fungus.