Vitex agnus-castus, Chaste tree – Verbenaceae
General: small tree or large shrub deciduous, native to Europe and Asia, the adult specimens can reach 3-4 meters in height, but you can curb the growth with annual pruning to be practiced during ‘ winter, such pruning are recommended to keep the shrub compact, avoiding losing the bottom branches. It has thin stems, well branched, often facing upwards, sometimes curved, and the foliage reminiscent of cannabis, with lance-shaped leaves, wrinkled, dark green or grayish green. In late spring at the height of the new branches numerous small flowers bloom in panicles. The flowering continues sporadically until the autumn chills. Flowers followed by small round fruits, slightly fleshy, containing some spherical seeds, dark in color. The foliage is very aromatic, and even the flowers are fragrant and attract butterflies. There are varieties with flowers of white, lilac or purple, although generally the most cultivated varieties have blue flowers. This plant is also used for millennia in folk medicine and herbal medicine.
Exposure: This shrub is rustic and resistant, it prefers a sunny position, but can also be set to stay in semi-shaded place, while low-light exposure causes an inconspicuous flowers. Do not fear cold weather and can be grown outside even in regions with very hard winter weather.
Watering : The chaste tree tends to be satisfied with the rain, although it is advisable to water the specimens sporadically just places to stay, during the warm months, you may need to intervene by providing water during particularly dry periods.
Land : Place to stay in very well drained soil, avoiding stagnant water, any medium may be indicated for the chaste tree, including the common garden soil.
Multiplication: Small dark seeds are sown in spring or autumn, remember that the young plants from seeds will be asked to stay only after a couple of years of cultivation in a sheltered place. During the summer you can take cuttings from woody branches that did not bring flowers.
Pests and diseases : A poorly draining soil or bike substantial summer rains may favor the occurrence of root rot .