The nail infections caused by fungi are sometimes caused by damage to the nail bed end of the nail, the skin infection known as athlete’s foot can penetrate the nail causing the infection.
The mushrooms grow under the conditions found inside the shoe, heat, humidity and atmosphere created inside the shoe closed. This warm, moist environment is conducive to the growth of fungi.
Fungal infections are caused by fungi called dermatophytes , but Candida and other yeasts and mosses that grow in these conditions. The dermatophyte called Tricophytum Rubrum, is responsible for 90% of nail infections.
What are the factors that favor the risk of nail fungus?
- Damage to the nail or nail biting.
- Medical conditions such as diabetes, psoriasis , or immune system weakness.
- Poor health in general.
- Risk activities that involve trauma to the nails and continued use of oven mitts.
- Share locker rooms or public showers.
- Jogging or sports shoes that is not correct.
- Medical conditions such as diabetes and poor circulation are favorable for the occurrence of secondary infections caused by bacteria.
The fungi develop when your feet are wet and warm by the presence of shoes for prolonged periods. The use of wet towels, poor personal hygiene of the feet, walking on surfaces that are contaminated and use of tools or equipment that were improperly sterilized pedicures are ways of contracting the fungal infection.
It is estimated that about 5 to 10% of adults and about half of those aged 70 years or older suffer from fungal infections of nails.