Termites are known to eat dead wood, but also eat certain types of shrubs and trees alive.
Among all the pests that eat wood, termites are the most destructive and that makes them one of the worst enemies of the fruit trees and wooden garden structures.
What are termites?
A simple answer to the question “What is a termite?” It is an insect with a soft body made up of three distinct parts: head, thorax and abdomen, with three pairs of legs, antennae and mouth masticatory.
Termites feed on wood and other cellulosic materials, such as paper. Like ants are social insects that live in organized colonies formed by nymphs, workers, soldiers and a real couple that can be replaced easily. This makes the pest indestructible, it can be eradicated only through a comprehensive treatment.
The three species of termites are prevalent:
- damp wood termites, which feed on decaying wood and wood chips buried;
- dry wood termites, dry wood-eating such as furniture and structures within the home;
- Subterranean termites, the most dangerous species for garden because they build their nests in the ground, and galleries through which they forage.
Enemy of fruit trees: subterranean termites
Due to this kind of habit underground, the main tree damage was observed in the beginning of the trunk, where the termites feed on the bark and sap prevent transport of the roots.
Subterranean termites are found in ornamental shrubs and fruit trees such as apricot, plum, apple, grapes, persimmons, figs. It should be added that according to the book Pest Management and Citrus Avocado has been observed mortality of young citrus (2 and 3) because of this pest.
How to detect termites in trees? Here are three tips to locate termites in trees:
- should be sought shelter tubes on the trunk . One of the first signs that a tree is infected with termites are subterranean shelter tubes on the outside of the trunk.
- Dig around the base of the tree. They should dig between soil and roots, if termites are there, be easy to find.
- Search by swarms scars on the trunk. Subterranean termites can also be found in the scars of trees.
How to prevent termites in the garden and the garden?
It is difficult to discover because termite colonies live underground and eat wood from the inside, thus the problem becomes visible when the pest is in advanced stage.
Below we list some of the measures that will help you protect your garden from termites:
- Remove deposits or wet soil moisture near wooden structures.
- Do not stack or store firewood leaves in contact with soil.
- Dispose of yard waste (manure, compost, etc.).
- Treat wood surfaces that are in direct contact with the ground (pergolas, fences, decorative beams, decks, stakes for plants, etc.).
- Monitor humidity, leaks and losses around ponds, fountains and water tanks.
How to control an infestation of termites?
The most effective treatments for termite control is the conventional method of barriers, and the termite baiting system.
Termiticide is applied directly on the timber or on the ground under and around the affected area to create “exclusion zones”. The exclusion zones eliminate termites while they are moving.
Conventional Treatment Benefits:
- Provides lasting protection.
- This method has proven effective for over 30 years.
- termiticide applications protect both the garden and the house.
The use of baits systems is a modern approach to termite control treatments. The bait stations are placed around the perimeter of the affected area, termites ingest the bait and communicate to the rest of the colony on this power supply. Thus, the elimination of pest occurs progressively.
Benefits baiting system:
- No drilling required field.
- It provides an alternative to chemical barrier treatments.
- Leverages especially biology and behavior of termites.
If you are looking for a solution to this plague that affects the orchard and respects the environment, we recommend eliminating termites with Rentokil . This pest control company works with the only termite control system that has been awarded the Presidential Green Chemistry.