The episiotomy is an incision in the perineum, skin and muscle between the vagina and anus to enlarge the opening and allow the baby out more easily. Generally it does not generate healing complications, but may take a few weeks. A good tip to ease the discomfort is to apply ice to the area immediately after delivery.
Just episiotomy is performed it is advisable to take sitz baths (bathing by sitting into the hips-deep water with is generally used to relieve pain of the lower part of the body), change sanitary pads frequently and after swimming dry the area with a hair dryer at low temperature to keep the skin clean and dry.
Another important tip is to take stool softeners and eat lots of fiber to prevent constipation and no complications at the time of bowel movements. One method that helps the recovery of this area are Kegel exercises, tightening and releasing rhythmically for five minutes the vaginal muscles as if to hold urine for 10 times throughout the day.
Take a hot bath after 24 hours after delivery, anesthetic ointments and compresses moistened with witch hazel. When pain is severe it can take ibuprofenos, because they are NSAIDs.
Another effective tool is the use of float or cushion l similar to that used for hemorrhoids, this helps the wound does not hurt to sit but not abuse and only use it when necessary, it is also advisable not to wear inside to promote healing.
Note that in some cases the discomfort is not normal and require medical care, such as:
- Pain so intense it makes mourn
- Pain that lasts for weeks
- Pain that calm and then appear with intensity
- Pain that develops or persists for long
- Sharp, stabbing pain
- Odor in the wound
- Abnormal bleeding
Always consult your health advisor for further consequences and to take proper steps for your health.