The plants you have at home whether in pots, beds or gardens, are an attractive place for a number of uninvited garden pests that can damage them significantly. A regular and thorough observation will allow early detection of these garden pests and prevent them from continuing their destructive work.
Fungi often cause serious plant diseases, therefore, pest control management is extremely necessary for protection of your home garden.
The main threats to your plants can be of animal origin, such as mites, slugs, caterpillars, flies, snails, beetles, aphids, etc., to which must be added various diseases caused by the presence of fungi, among which include powdery mildew, rust and botrytis.
As mentioned previously, the best way to detect early arrival of these pests is to perform regular and thorough review of the plants. To do this, it is very useful to have the help of a magnifying glass, which will help detect changes in appearance or the presence of eggs or larvae.
But, it is not worth to discover that a plant is deteriorating if you have no idea of what are the specific symptoms that reveal the presence of specific pest or disease and to rule that such damage is not due to other factors (such as excess or shortage of water or sol, lack of fertilizer, etc.).
In brief, the clues are taken into account in determining the type of pest or disease that may affect your home plants are:
The plant has wrinkled or curled leaves
It is possible you are in the presence of an attack of mites, aphids, whiteflies or bugs. The leaves show that aspect because these species of the sap sucking insects, dehydrating.
The exhibit leaves eaten or bitten edges
It is likely that the plant is full of chewing species such as snails, slugs, caterpillars or computations.
The leaves show silver crystal in some areas
This is often the sign of the presence of insects called scraping the outer layer of the green tissues to enter them. The mites and thrips are some of the examples that often cause this kind of damage.
Layers or grayish white powder are formed on the leaves and buds
It means that the plant have powdery mildew, the disease caused by fungus of the same name. As this disease progresses, the leaves are twisted, buds are deformed and stops flowering.
The opposing party has small leaves brown or reddish bumps, while the upper part shows discoloration or yellow spots: are symptoms of rust, a disease caused by fungi that usually attacks flowering plants as chrysanthemums, azaleas, dahlias, ficus, begonias and carnations.
Once you have determined what pest or disease is attacking your plant, you can take appropriate measures to save her. In a future post I will show you the variety of alternatives that exist to prevent and combat all and each of these threats.