Traveling is often out of the rut when it comes to sleep, food, etc. and this can lead to increase the chances of contracting diseases. You can adjust to the time changes, water, food and air with some days and children are the most vulnerable to these avatars.
When traveling with children, it is important to prevent disease pre-trip visit to the pediatrician to recommend the necessary vaccinations. Generally recommended are:
- Hepatitis A and B
- Typhoid fever
- Yellow fever
- Japanese B Encephalitis
Without reaching the end of a disease, disorder or some health problems are quite common when traveling.
Schedule Changes: A journey in itself involves exhaustion, many hours of flying, traveling by boat, bus or even drive, involving muscle aches, spasms, etc. By spending too long in the same position. If to this we add the time changes, different time zones, producing what is commonly known as jet lag besides great fatigue, can cause other ailments such as insomnia and stomach problems.
Earache:Ear pain can occur in some people when flying, especially when it hits the takeoff and / or landing due to the pressure generated in the middle ear while trying to compensate for pressure changes themselves swift flight.
To avoid this, we recommend yawning, swallowing, chewing gum and in case of babies, breastfeed or bottle feeding during landing or takeoff.
These recommendations help make the ears adapt to changes in pressure.
Dizziness may affect travel on different modes of transport, although it is more common to do so by boat or plane, can also happen in a car or bus. Occur as a result of the conflicting signals to the brain, ie the conflict between the ear that detects movement and no view, which favors nausea, vomiting, dizziness, cold sweats, pallor.
To avoid dizziness while traveling:
- Before going out to eat a light meal, since dizziness are stronger when the stomach is empty
- On short trips and avoid eating on long, eat light snacks and drink small sips
- At the first signs of dizziness, eating a light snack such as a cracker
- Focus your eyes on some fixed object outside the car or bus, in case you are traveling in one of these modes of transport
- Keep an open window for fresh air
- There is medication to prevent motion sickness. If you are vulnerable to sickness, seek medical advice before traveling
Diarrhea and stomach problems
Stomach problems and diarrhea are very common when traveling and are often associated with germs and bacteria that enter the digestive system by consuming contaminated food or water. Diarrhea can be a serious problem, especially in infants and children because they become dehydrated more easily than older children and adults.
To avoid these problems, follow these tips:
- Drink only bottled water
- Use purified water (boiled or purified with iodine pill) for cooking, brushing teeth or making ice
- Maintain good hygiene and use any disinfectant or antiseptic alcohol-based hand sanitizer if being on the road
- Consume only pasteurized milk products
- Do not eat at roadside stalls
- Eating fruits and cooked vegetables or previously well washed and peeled
- Eating meat and fish cooked fresh