Making a pond in the garden or in certain indoors is a way to obtain a resource not only ornamental, but also an attractive source of peace and harmony in the home. To achieve this result, you need to plan your armed taking into account different factors and characteristics.
The first thing to consider is the environment where you intend to place: If it is a garden, you have to see that the pond located in a lightly shaded and sheltered from the wind. It is also desirable to avoid installing below or very close to the trees, as the hassle of fallen leaves in autumn can join problems that can cause large roots when grown against the base or sides of the pond.
Once the site is determined to be located where the pond, it is advisable to draw on the ground with a wire shape and approximate size of it, always taking care commensurate with the rest of the garden.
Then proceed to digging the hole, creating a ledge at the edge of 15 to 25 inches deep and a deeper area which can vary between 45 and 100 cm, depending on the plants that are desired place. Care must be thoroughly removed from the roots, rocks and any other object that could perforate the coating by the water pressure.
Precisely considering lining the walls, there are four types of ponds that can be built in a garden:
Tamped Ponds, which consist of natural clay soil depressions generally conditioning grass, which offer the advantage of being fairly inexpensive, but its main drawback is the turbidity caused by the presence of clay in suspension.
Plastic canvas Ponds, where the ground is covered with a sheet of polyethylene or PVC, which is very easy to assemble and do not require much labor. Plastic sheeting has the power to fit the shapes of the well as it fills with water.
Prefabricated or preformed ponds, processing similar to the pools, are quite resistant and offer easier installation because you only need to be placed in the hole that has been dug. It offers a variety of models with different sizes and depths.
Cement or bricks Ponds, for those who have the time and manpower required to coat the base and walls of the well with the material, but promises a more durable, neat and previous natural.
In the case of canvas, prefabricated concreteponds, the bottom can be hidden using colored gravel stones, such as blue, white, purple or green. If you plan to have fish in the pond, we recommend using a substrate of brown hues, such as boulders.
Caber remember that an important measure to prevent water deposited in the pond rot is to install a submersible pump (available on the market a variety of models), which will oxygenate the liquid element.
Once finished sealing the well, proceed to place first submerged plants, which being the production of oxygen and starve the algae help maintain water clarity and cleanliness. Usually, the Echinodorus argentinensis and Eleocharis acicularis are the most used and are readily available in local aquarium products.
Aquatic plants are then placed as varieties, with submerged containers leaving the leaves and flowers floating on the surface. To complete the assembly of the pond, you can place floating plants like water hyacinths and ferns, while on the edges can be planted specimens of Thaliadealbata Typhasetc.