The agricultural biodiversity and agrobiodiversity is a theoretical concept that has an interesting side practice. Not only when planning policies that encourage, but also to consider our urban gardening or how to grow and care for ornamental plants.
But, what is agrobiodiversity? As its name suggests, the concept refers to the diversity of species associated with agriculture. Basically, this branch of biodiversity studies all crop varieties and their associated ecosystems.
The landmark of agriculture in this constant appropriation marked a before and after in the use of those resources
Understanding the term and its evolution involves a journey through the history of mankind , focusing on the strategies that have been carried out for the appropriation of natural resources. The landmark of agriculture in this constant appropriation marked a before and after in the use of those resources and extent of croplands, modernization and globalization, among other factors, have finally given the current crises of biodiversity within it .
In fact, agricultural activity has influenced dramatically in the ecosystems natural of the planet. So much so that it was necessary to create the concept of agro – ecosystems and agro – biodiversity, which entails reporting and risk for the future of a more diverse and natural farming.
The evolution of agrobiodiversity depends on many factors. On the one hand, of public policy , and also the dynamics imposed by the market. In practice, the farmers grow crops that can end up being traditional, while others are grown discreetly or not even that. Sometimes the opportunities offered by the market and the conditions of production can give them a greater role.
Moreover, hybrid varieties have a problem because they prevent the self -production of seeds by farmers, but even modern varieties have just integrated into the system of seed banks local if they are advantageous in terms of production. Generally, local diversity takes place through exchanges within families, friends, neighbors and acquaintances, albeit influenced by the globalized world, with disruptive realities like the internet can influence it.
In fact, globalization and the modernization of agriculture have meant a considerable decline in agrobiodiversity. A reality not without consequences (food security is threatened, even), and is a growing trend.
Urban agriculture and agrobiodiversity
The fashion of urban agriculture is also a novelty that influences agrobiodiversity. Especially, when it is practiced from an approach organic . If it is done from the awareness and the promotion of the local economy, preserving agrobiodiversity becomes a factor that enhances both the care of the environment and local biodiversity.
It is, in short, local crops prevail betting on local varieties grown by ecological techniques, without resorting to transgenic varieties or crops that have colonized agriculture intensive conventional. Certainly an interesting way to look after our health and the planet.
Therefore, so it is up to citizens, gardening and urban agriculture are a golden opportunity to promote ecological practices and the conservation of biodiversity through cultivation and creation of seed banks of local species. In turn, this leads to the creation of social ties and the transmission of knowledge and valuable experience.